Hassan Al-Sabah… the owner of the key to heaven and the founder of the “Hashshashin”

06:00 AM

Monday, March 4, 2024

Books – Muhammad Shaker:
The series “The Assassins”, written by Abdel Rahim Kamal and directed by Peter Mimi, topped the search engines, after the publication of several official promos for the work, which received more than a million views, within one day.

The work revolves around Hassan Al-Sabah, whose role is played by the star Karim Abdel Aziz, a young man who embarks on an epic journey after joining the “Ismaili Shiite sect” at the age of 17, and founds the group that was later called “The Assassins,” to engage in conflicts and confrontations.

The series is produced by Synergy, and co-starring is Fathi Abdel Wahab, Sherif Salama, Mirna Nour El Din, Ahmed Kishk, Mohamed Alaa Jamaica, Amir El Masry, Suzan Najm El Din, Yasser Ali Maher, and a number of other young artists.

Hassan al-Sabah considered himself the holder of the key to heaven. His followers ridiculed his argument, which enchanted hearts and mesmerized minds, and he spread murder, sabotage, and terrorism throughout the country.

Below we publish the most important information about Hassan al-Sabah, nicknamed the Master or Sheikh of the Mountain, the founder of what is known as the New Da’wa or the Levantine Nizari Ismaili sect, or the Batiniyya or the Assassins.

– He grew up in a Twelver Shiite environment, then his family moved to Al-Ray, a center for the activities of the Ismaili sect, so he adopted the Ismaili Fatimid method when he was 17 years old.

– He took the Fatimid oath of allegiance before an Ismaili missionary, representative of Abd al-Malik ibn Attash, the chief Ismaili preacher in western Iran and Iraq.

– He was expelled from Iran because of his opinions and moved to several countries. Then Al-Sabah stayed in Egypt for about three years between Cairo and Alexandria. Then it was said that he disagreed with the Commander of the Armies, Badr al-Din al-Jamali, so he imprisoned him and then expelled him from Egypt on a Frankish boat to North Africa, but the boat sank. On the way, Hassan survived, so they took him to Syria, then he left it and went to Baghdad, and from there he returned to Isfahan, arriving there on Dhul-Hijjah 29, 473 AH.

– Hassan al-Sabah moved within Iran, exploring it for nine years, until he began his preaching in the province of Daylam and Mazandaran, which had some success. Hassan avoided cities in his travels and preferred to move through the desert, until he settled in and around Damghan as his base from which he sent preachers to the regions. Mountain to attract residents from there, and he continued to do so for 3 years until his matter was exposed and the Minister Nizam al-Mulk ordered his arrest, but he escaped and fled to Qazvin.

The first appearance of the Batinism in the Levant was in the city of Aleppo, and the Batinism in the Levant remained hidden and powerless, due to the pursuit of it by the rulers and the common people, until the year 520 AH, when the leadership of the Batinism was led by a man known as Bahram, and Ibn al-Qalanisi said about him: “And in this During the year, the affairs of Bahram, the preacher of the Batiniya, became more severe, and his sermons became great in Aleppo and the Levant. He was extremely concealed, hidden, and changed in uniform and clothing, to the point that he roamed the country and the strongholds, and no one knew his identity.

Al-Sabah did not find anything better than the impregnable fortress of Alamut. He took it as the headquarters of his mission. It is an ancient fortress on top of a high rock in the middle of the mountains at an altitude of 2,100 meters, and it was built in such a way that there was only one road that reached it and it turned around on an artificial slope (the natural slope has steep and dangerous rocks).

He remained in the castle for the rest of his life and did not leave the castle for 35 years until his death. Most of his time was spent reading, corresponding with preachers, and preparing plans. His main concern was to gain new supporters and control other castles.

In the year 1092, the Seljuks began to confront Hassan al-Sabah militarily. Their Sultan Malik Shah sent two campaigns, one against the Alamut Castle, and the second against Qahestan, but Hasan al-Sabah’s militias confronted the Seljuks with the help of the people who sympathized with them in Robard and Qazvin, so the forces withdrew from Qahestan after the death of Sultan Malik Shah in the year 1092. .

-Then Hassan al-Sabah struck his blow by assassinating Minister Nizam al-Mulk himself on December 16, 1092 (485 AH), in the Sahna area in the Nahavand region.

Al-Sabah died in the year 518 AH/1124 AD in his castle, and the sources differed about the fate of his descendants. Some sources mention that he killed his children during his lifetime, and was succeeded by Buzurg Amid (Barzjamid), and he assigned people to the affairs of preaching, administration, and commanding the forces, and asked them to cooperate with each other until the appearance of the Imam. The hidden person handles the affairs of the sect.

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